Professional oral hygiene
Professional oral hygiene is a procedure during which (non-)mineralised plaque is removed, the surfaces of teeth and fillings are polished, oral care preparations (fluoride) are applied, and patients are given oral hygiene instructions. The purpose of professional oral hygiene is to improve the condition of gums, reduce dental sensitivity, refresh oral cavity, and prevent dental diseases such as gingivitis, periodontitis, and caries.
Dental plaque can be soft or hard (tartar). Soft plaque is easily removed by using a toothbrush, toothpaste, dental floss, and mouthwash. If it is not, the enzymes emitted by bacteria accumulate, leading to gingivitis, i.e. inflammation of gums (symptoms: swelling, redness, bleeding). If soft plaque is not removed within 1-3 days, its mineralisation begins, and in 10-20 days soft plaque turns into tartar. The formation of tartar depends on the composition of saliva, drinking water as well as on patient’s eating habits. Tartar usually forms where salivary gland ducts open, i.e. on the lower front teeth, upper molar teeth, between crooked or crammed teeth.
Prior to performing professional oral hygiene, our specialists assess the condition of patient’s teeth and oral cavity.
Soft pigmented plaque (usually caused by smoking, coffee, tea, and other colouring substances) is removed using the efficient and painless air-abrasive Air-Flow technique, i.e. a power jet of water and soda pearls. After this procedure, the teeth become smoother, whiter, and more resistant to plaque.
Soft and hardened plaque located near the gums is removed using an ultrasound scaler – a special device emitting high frequency vibrations as well as manual periodontal instruments called curettes. The surfaces of teeth and fillings are polished using paste with fluoride, which makes them more resistant to caries, plaque and tartar.
How often professional oral hygiene should be performed?
The frequency of this procedure depends on patient’s oral hygiene habits, conditions for and intensity of plaque accumulation, etc. It may need to be performed 1-3 times per year (if plaque does not tend to accumulate rapidly, 1 time per year is enough; in case of periodontal problems, 3-4 times may be required).
After the oral hygiene procedure:
- Gums may be irritated and bleed for a few days,
- Teeth may become more sensitive to thermal irritants,
- The patient should temporarily abstain from eating spicy and hard foods,
- The patient should use a soft toothbrush and dental floss,
- For the gums to heal faster, the patient should also use preventive mouthwash (or therapeutic mouthwash, if prescribed).
Make an appointment for the oral hygiene procedure now and avoid the risk of developing dental diseases in the future!