Dental prosthetics is the area of dentistry that focuses on the restoration of missing or damaged hard tissues of teeth, preserving their anatomical shape, colour and fibre. Prosthetic procedures become necessary after losing a tooth due to injury or disease, if a tooth is damaged beyond repair and can no longer be fixed using traditional filling materials, also in order to prevent a tooth from breaking or to restore a broken, worn down or deformed tooth.
It is important to understand that losing teeth leads to food not being chewed enough and digested properly in the stomach and intestines, which may result in gastrointestinal tract problems. When molar teeth are missing, occlusion lowers, which has a negative impact on the jaw joint – it starts clicking and hurting. A deformed jaw joint creates wrinkles on the face and makes it look saggy. Losing front teeth is a particularly traumatic experience that often causes not only aesthetic, but also psychological problems. A reliable solution to such dental issues is prosthetics.
Our clinic offers two different types of prostheses: fixed dentures (crowns, bridges) and removable dentures.
Plastic crowns are not durable; neither they are resistant to the masticatory force. Therefore, plastic crowns are only used as temporary dentures while permanent metal ceramic, metal-free, or zirconium ceramic crowns are being made. They can also be used for children under 16-18 years of age, before being replaced by metal ceramic or other type of crowns.
Metal ceramic crowns are essentially made of metal that is coated with porcelain corresponding to the natural colour of patient’s teeth. They are lightproof, aesthetic, and cheaper than metal-free crowns. Their only disadvantage is that the metal inside the crown reflects light, which makes the denture look less natural than its metal-free counterpart. Thus, metal ceramic crowns are mostly recommended for molar teeth. Also, they may be used to fix individual teeth or major dental row defects.
Metal-free crowns are purely porcelain and, as such, make very aesthetic, rigid, and durable dentures of high precision. They are permeable to light and have a natural look – perfect for front teeth. Another advantage of metal-free crowns is that they prevent any kind of allergic reactions to metals.
Metal-free ceramic crowns are recommended for the following reasons:
- aesthetic appearance and biological compatibility;
- metal edge not visible;
- good adhesion to dental tissues;
- clear and rigid dental tissue-like material.
Zirconium ceramic crowns with a computer-milled zirconium oxide frame are very rigid but lightweight; they have a natural shape and a particularly aesthetic look. Zirconium ceramic crowns are more rigid than their metal-free counterparts, and solid white frame is used instead of a dark metal one. This helps to ensure an aesthetic look and provide a firm structure for the crown. Zirconium ceramics may be used for repairing minor and/or major defects in side and/or front teeth.
Moulded metal crowns are suitable for fixing back teeth that are difficult to reach, when durability is key. They may also be used to make a more robust bridge denture.
Full or Partial Dentures
Arch supported prostheses (with moulded clamps or different kinds of locks)
Removable dentures are fixed in the mouth using different clamps that are placed on the existing teeth. The drawback of such clamps is that they are visible when smiling. Moreover, they loosen with time, making the denture fasten less tightly.
Today, we offer a much better solution – one-sided or two-sided dentures with locks. Here, locks substitute the clamps; they are not visible, and a patient can smile, talk, or eat without fearing that the denture will move or deform itself inside his/her mouth. The denture may only be removed after unlocking it.
Dentures with locks are comfortable, aesthetic, and loved by most patients.
Our clinic also offers silicone (soft) and Bio Dentaplast arch supported dentures.
Please note that denture service time depends on personal hygiene habits. Both fixed and removable bridge dentures must be cleaned thoroughly on a regular basis. Failure to do so may result in the accumulation of plaque (also on the dentures) which sets off periodontal deceases and reduces the lifetime of the supporting teeth.
When making fixed bridge dentures, a gap between the mucous membrane and the intermediate part of the bridge is always preserved for the patient to be able to remove the remnants of food. Our clinic also offers special toothbrushes and floss for maintaining dental hygiene under the intermediate part.
With the help of prosthetic procedures, teeth are restored functionally and aesthetically, and our patients can smile again, chew food and pronounce words properly without having to fear the risk of jaw pathologies!